Building drywalls with plasterboard

In our previous posts we have written about how to find the perfect building plot in Bulgaria and tabout of the lack of drainange system in the Bulgarian villages.

Building with plasterboardsIn this post we will show you how to use plasterboards to build separating walls in your property in need of renovation (see potential of renovation). Plasterboard provides insulation, fire protection, can be painted, wall papered, drilled, and more.

There are a few types of plasterboard available in Bulgaria. All are made form aerated gypsum plaster – hence the Bulgarian name “Gypscarten”, and are covered both sides with strong paper. The standard sheet of plasterboard in most merchants in Bulgaria has a grey paper back and ivory colouring on the front facing side. The standard size is 12.5 mm (thickness), although different dimensions are available.

Cutting and fixing plasterboard is simple, even for beginners, and only requires a handful of tools. However, it is best not to undertake it solo, as the boards are heavy yet fragile, and can break in transport or when fitting to walls or more difficulty ceilings.

If you carry plasterboard flat, face up, it is more likely to break, so move it its edge and also store boards this way, leaning slightly vertically, in a dry place. To cut plasterboard, lay the board flat, measure then mark out with a pencil, then score with a blade along a straightedge, or saw it. Make sure the board is supported adequately on wood else is risk breaking. If you making cuts inside the board, e.g. for a light switch, make an initial hole with a drill or jigsaw and cut the shape out with a craft knife.

Sample of a separating drywall
Separating wall made of plasterboard
click on the image for larger view

Plasterboard can be stuck using bonding if you are fixing the boards to a flat wall, or by using screws if you are fitting it on a wall which has been studded out by baton. Special galvanized plasterboard screws should be used, or likewise plasterboard screws can be drilled in, but the fixings should not be driven beyond the strong paper. If you are plaster boarding a whole room you should always start with the ceiling, which is incidentally the hardest as you will be working above your head. When it comes to walls, either work away from a corner, or away from a doorway, fitting board by board vertically. Using a chock of wood to raise the board from the floor so that it joins the ceiling, hold the board in place and fix it using of the fore mentioned methods. Any irregular cuts, including above doors or windows or in corners should be measured carefully to ensure the minimum gap is left. Be sure to pencil out where lights or switches will be, and mark where wires run down the wall to prevent drilling through anything vital. Once the whole room is boarded, the boards need to be finished to disguise seams and joins, and also neaten corners and curves pre decoration. This can be done topically with filler or by plastering or lightly skimming the area.

Step one of building a drywallStep two of building a drywall made of plasterboard

If you are going to fill the plasterboard, first disguise nails and screws by applying a layer of filler over the head before waiting for it to dry so you can sand the patch to blend. It may need filling and sanding several times if the filler “sinks” into the hole. To fill joins, whether you have a square edge or a tapered edge, you should always run square-meshed tape called scrim tape, along the join or internal edge. Then press filler into the tape so gaps between joins are filled, then with run filler over the length of the tape into the squares.

Step three of building a drywallStep four of building a drywall made of plasterboard

After the first fill has dried, apply more filler to hide the tape completely, feathering out edges to blend. This is easier when you are filling a tapered edge the rivet is designed to hide the join and the tape once a coat is in place. Again, you may need to fill and sand a couple of times in order to get a smooth join. To check the gap filled between the two boards are level, lat a trowel on one board and check it levels to the other board. If there is a dip or a rise between the boards, put a little filler on the trowel and run it width ways down the strip. On external corners, get metal beading, around 30 st. per metre, and cut to size, ensuring to cut angles where beading meets other beading, e.g. round a window. Put filler on both edges of the external corner, the affix beading.

Step five of building a drywallStep six of building a drywall made of plasterboard

Run more filler down the sides, then leave to dry in place. After sanding, apply more filler with a plastering trowel from the edge of the beading, outwards to the wall, in order to get straight finish. Where the applied filler finishes, feather the edges out using a barely damped sponge, so that he end blend where the filler meets plasterboard is neat. If you are finishing the plasterboard with plaster, you still need to apply a tape and beading to joins and corners, but do not need to apply filler first, although some extra plaster or cement should be pressed into the joins so the finished plaster does not “sink” in. Be aware though, plastering is a tricky art to master and you may end up having to sand bumps and fill dips anyway.

After sanding in preparation for paint or paper, all surfaces need to be swept down, and wiped over with a barely damped sponge. You may need to do this a couple of times before the surface is dust free. If you have gone for the filling option, there is still one more stage before you can directly decorate on the surface of plasterboard. A coat of sealer or primer needs to be painted on the boards to provide a sound surface for decorative treatments, and also to protect the board when wallpaper is steam-stripped.

Plasterboard - redy to paint

The plasterboard is then ready to paint or paper, and any other finishes such as skirting, switches and lights can be added.

We reccommend using KNAUF platerboards only for your building project. Knaus is the leading manufacturer of drywall building systems:

Builder in Bulgaria - Contact You can contact us if you are looking for a Builder in Bulgaria. We are general builders covering all aspects of construction including Property Renovation, Repairs and Property finishes in Bulgaria. Click here to >> Contact us <<

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Obtaining Building Permit in Bulgaria

Some useful information for those of you who own a plot of land in Bulgaria and intend to build a new house

You have already purchased a plot of land in Bulgaria and for the purpose you have established a trade company in accordance with Bulgaria Law by using the services of layers and real estate agents for the purchase of the real estate. This process has been completed, you are a legal owner of the land, you are dreaming for a new house but you are wondering how to proceed further and which building company to use.

Or company covers all aspects of the building process and we assist you from the very beginning. We will do all the paperwork needed to start building, we will build your house as per your requirements and we will maintain the property on your request.

Buildng permit in Bulgaria

Preparation of the paperwork especially related to new construction is a difficult and long process, sometimes rather clumsy because you have to deal with the municipal administration so it is not recommended to do it by yourself.

Before you start the construction permit procedure you have to check if the plot of land you own is as we call it in Bulgaria “regulated” ot it is not. If you have bought a plot of land inside a town or a village this in most cases is “regulated” and you may read further. If the plot of land is not regulated (often this is land in close proximity to a village, but is not on the layout plan of the village) this has to be done before applying for a construction permit. You will find more information here about regulating plot of land in Bulgaria.

There are number of documents that should be prepared for a consruction permit and briefly:

1. Visa for designing

The first and most important thing to start from is obtaining a visa (sketch) for designing.
The visa is provided by the municipality where your property is located. The visa for designing designates the properties of the building according to the Detailed Town and Country Plan (DTCO) and according to the Territory Layout Law. such as: size of the project building, measurements, number of floors, layout, purpose of use (commercial or residential), distances to neighboring plots, etc. In the visa you will find determined the paperwork required by the property owner /investor/ for obtaining a building permission.

The visa has to be coordinated with the respective communal companies supplying electricity, water, etc. Issuing the visa will take 2-3 months.

2. Shop-drawing

The next step is the preparation of the “Shop-drawing”. This is a set of documents that includes the architectural part along with structural, geological, water, sewage and electricity supply and all other parts related to the property. There are also geodesy researches of the plot to be conducted. They are an integral part of the architectural project.

Preparing the shop-drawing will cost you money and time. It is very important to be sure and to know exactly what you want to save you more time and more money if you decide to change the plans in the future.

Knowing your idea we can offer you professional assistance that will save you money. We can provide a building (house) design that will save you money to build and will be cheaper to maintain.

This process could take about 3 months.

3. Approval of the shop-drawing by the authorities

After the shop-drawing (a set of plans and drawings) is ready it needs to be approved by the specialists of the municipal administration. The shop-drawing must be prepared in accordance with requirements of the Territory Layout Law (which we are familiar with very well), so if you trust us, the papers will be approved without any problems within a month. It is advisable to avoid the “technical surveillance” to shorten the term. The next step would be then:

4. Application for building permit (construction permit)

Within 7 days from the date a new application is filed at the municipality the consruction permit is issued. Once you have the building permission you are allowed to start building. There are some procedures that have to be observed and mainly assignment of the building stages.

The whole preliminary preparation of obtaining the construction permit (pre-building process) usually takes minimum 6-7 months if everything goes smoothly.

If you choose our building company we can assure your new house will be built with high professionalism and in short terms and all you have to do is to finance the project. We will take care of all necessary documents and we will provide you with "commissioning permit" – your house will be connected to mains water and electricity in accordance with the normative deeds.

We have tried to explain in brief the main stages of the pre-building process. It is rather complicated but our company being in the building business for a long time has been though this process many times and you can entirely rely on our professional help.

Our advice:

Build a one storey (or smaller two storied) house instead of a large property. Thus you will save money and you will be able to build a swimming pool and a BBQ in the yard, to landscape your garden and to feel like in heaven in your new home in Bulgaria. Contact us and require your free quote for building a new house.

List of municipalities in Bourgas districts and belonging villages:

click to see larger map of municipalities in Bourgas district
">List of Minicipalities in Bourgas District

Bourgas municipality:

Bourgas, Banevo, Bratovo, Bryastovets, Bulgarovo, Vetren, Dimchevo, Draganovo, Izvorishte, Marinka, Mirolyubovo, Ravnets, Rudnik, Tvarditsa, Cherno more

Aytos municipality:

Aytos, Dryankovets, Zetyovo, Karageorgievo, Karanovo, Lyaskovo, Malka polyana, Maglen, Peshtersko, Pirne, Polyanovo, Raklinovo, Sudievo, Topolitsa, Cherna mogila, Chernograd, Chukarka

Kameno municipality:

Kameno, Vinarsko, Vratitsa, Jelyazovo, Konstantinovo, Krastina, Livada, Polski izvor, Rusokastro, Svoboda, Troyanovo, Trustikovo, Cherni vruh

Karnobat municipality:

Karnobat, Asparuhovo, Venets, Glumche, Devetak, Devetintsi, Detelina, Dobrinovo, Dragantsi, Dragovo, Ekzarh Antimovo, Jeleznik, Jitosvyat, Zimen, Iskra, Klikach, Kozare, Krumovo gradishte, Krushovo, Madrino, Nevestino, Ognen, Raklitsa, San-Stefano, Sigmen, Smolnik, Sokolovo, Surnevo, Hadjiite, Tserkovski, Cherkovo

Malko Turnovo municipality:

Malko Turnovo, Bliznak, Brushlyan, Byala voda, Vizitsa, Gramatikovo, Evrenozovo, Zabernovo, Zvezdets, Kalovo, Mladejko, Slivarovo, Stoilovo

Nessebar municipality:

Nessebar, Banya, Gyulyovtsa, Emona, Koznitsa, Kosharitsa, Town of Obzor, Orizare, Panitsovo, Priseltsi, Ravda, Rakovskovo, Town of Sveti Vlas, Tunkovo

Pomorie municipality:

Pomorie, Aleksandrovo, Town of Aheloy, Bata, Belodol, Gaberovo, Goritsa, Gulubets, Dubnik, Town of Kableshkovo, Kamenar, Kozichino, Kosovets, Luka, Medovo, Poroy, Stratsin

Primorsko municipality:

Primorsko, Veselie, Town of Kiten, Novo Panicharevo, Pismenovo, Yasna polyana

Ruen municipality:

Ruen, Bilka, Vishna, Vresovo, Dobra polyana, Dobromir, Dropla, Duskotna, Dyulya, Zaimchevo, Zaychar, Zvezda, Kamenyak, Karavelyovo, Kitka, Listets, Lyulyakovo, Mrejichko, Planinitsa, Podgorets, Preobrajentsi, Pripek, Prosenik, Razboyna, Rechitsa, Rojden, Rudina, Rupcha, Rajitsa, Sini rid, Skalak, Sneja, Snyagovo, Sokolets, Sredna mahala, Struya, Topchiysko, Trunak, Cheresha, Shivarovo, Yabulchevo, Yasenovo

Sozopol municipality:

Sozopol, Atia, Vurshilo, Gabur, Zidarovo, Izvor, Indje voyvoda, Krushevets, Prisad, Ravadinovo, Ravna gora, Rosen, Chernomorets

Sredets municipality:

Sredets, Belevren, Belila, Bistrets, Bogdanovo, Varovnik, Vulchanovo, Golyamo Bukovo, Gorno Yabulkovo, Granitets, Granichar, Debelt, Dolno Yabulkovo, Draka, Drachevo, Dyulevo, Zagortsi, Zornitsa, Kirovo, Kubadin, Malina, Momina tsarkva, Orlintsi, Prohod, Punchevo, Radoynovo, Rosenovo, Svetlina, Sinyo kamene, Slivovo, Suhodol, Trakiytsi, Fakia

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